Penoles increases silver price outlook and will buy more silver concentrate

Section:

By David Wigan
Reuters
Tuesday, March 28, 2006

http://today.reuters.com/business/newsarticle.aspx?
type=ousiv&storyID=2006-03-
28T111300Z_01_L27514894_RTRIDST_0_BUSINESSPRO-MARKETS-AUTOS-GM-DC.XML

LONDON -- Like the elephant in the living room, the decline of
General Motors is a problem that investors don't want to think about
but can't ignore.

The world's largest automaker, whose debt is close to the gross
domestic product of Belgium, lost more than $10 billion last year
and is facing a bankruptcy that would reap devastation in the
financial markets.

GM's share price has halved in the past year, while its $100 billion
of bonds have been cut to junk, confronting investors with the
prospect of never getting their money back. Others in the highly-
leveraged derivatives market face incalculable losses should a
bankruptcy occur.

"A GM default would be absolutely huge," said Jonathan Loredo, of
credit manager Cairn Capital. "It would be the biggest thing to hit
the market in terms of losses and operational stress."

There is no understating the scale of GM's problems. It is losing
market share in the United States, has $300 billion of long-term
debt, provides health benefits to 1.1 million people (at the rate of
about $1,500 per car produced), is threatened with a strike by its
largest supplier, which is bankrupt, and is being investigated by
the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Few who invest do not have some level of exposure -- GM stock and
debt are held by the biggest investment banks and smallest retail
buyers.

GM, or its financing arm GMAC, is present in around 65 percent of
synthetic collateralized debt obligations (CDOs), according to
Standard & Poor's, and underlies an estimated $1 trillion of default
swaps.

The company's impact is evidenced by the CDX credit default swap
indices. The U.S.-based CDX4 equity tranche, containing GM, trades
at 36 points up front; the same tranche in series 5, without GM,
costs 27.5 points. One firm out of 125 accounts for almost a third
of the premium.

All that for a company with a market capitalization of $12.8 billion.

Still, investors struggle to judge whether the automaker, which
sells 21 percent of cars in the United States, will ultimately
perish.

"A bankruptcy filing is unlikely this year," said Christophe
Boulanger, auto analyst at Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein. "Unless
Delphi goes on strike -- in which case they would stop production
and it would all be over."

Parts supplier Delphi, which filed the biggest bankruptcy in U.S.
automotive history in October, is negotiating with the United Auto
Workers union and GM over wage and benefit issues, with a strike
threatened if there is no settlement.

Should a strike be called, GM could be bankrupt by June, Boulanger
said. After that any scenario might play out, but the status of GMAC
will be crucial.

GMAC has traded at a premium to its parent in the credit markets on
hopes a controlling stake will be sold, ring-fencing the company and
possibly returning it to investment grade. Yet despite GM's best
efforts, no buyer has emerged.

Further complicating the outlook, if GMAC is not sold and GM does go
bankrupt, it is uncertain GMAC would be consolidated in the filing.

For bond investors, a GM bankruptcy would be hard, but a GMAC
bankruptcy would be disastrous. GMAC is home to three quarters of
the group's bonds and is found in a large proportion of outstanding
synthetic CDOs.

"The high degree of portfolio overlap between synthetic CDO
transactions sets this asset class apart," said Standard & Poor's
analyst Andrew South. "A rating action on GM could have a widespread
effect on many CDOs."

The complex market in CDO squared, or CDOs of CDOs, also faces
significant risk following a GM downgrade, one London-based hedge
fund manager said.

"To be blunt -- it would be carnage," he said.

Part of that carnage would be in the back offices of financial
institutions, which will have literally millions of transactions to
unwind, and banks are already under regulator pressure over backlogs
in credit derivatives.

Of course, the best possible outcome may also be the most likely.
That is, GM will survive.

Having spent around $15 billion renewing its product offering, it is
certain that the company will do everything in its power to avoid
bankruptcy, Boulanger said.

There are positive signs on negotiations with unions, a cap on
salaried retirees' health care at 2006 levels, and 30,000 job cuts
planned.

Further, the precedents are good. In 1980 Chrysler stepped back from
the brink, while Nissan Motor performed a similar feat 20 years
later.

Ultimately it is probably investors who are best placed to judge
GM's prognosis, and the cost of one-year default protection on GM is
currently higher than five-year protection.

In other words, if the elephant is still in the room in 18 months,
you can probably ignore it.

----------------------------------------------------

To subscribe to GATA's dispatches, send an e-mail to:

gata-subscribe@yahoogroups.com

To unsubscribe, send an e-mail to:

gata-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com

Caution: America Online prohibits delivery of GATA
dispatches to AOL e-mailboxes.

----------------------------------------------------

RECOMMENDED INTERNET SITES
FOR DAILY MONITORING OF GOLD
AND PRECIOUS METALS
NEWS AND ANALYSIS

Free sites:

http://www.jsmineset.com

http://www.cbs.marketwatch.com

http://www.mineweb.com/

http://www.gold-eagle.com/

http://www.kitco.com/

http://www.usagold.com/

http://www.usagold.com/amk/usagoldmarketupdate.html

http://www.GoldSeek.com/

http://www.GoldReview.com/

http://www.capitalupdates.com/

http://www.DailyReckoning.com

http://www.goldenbar.com/

http://www.silver-investor.com

http://www.thebulliondesk.com/

http://www.sharelynx.com/

http://www.mininglife.com/

http://www.financialsense.com

http://www.goldensextant.com

http://www.goldismoney.info/index.html

http://www.howestreet.com

http://www.depression2.tv

http://www.moneyfiles.org/

http://www.howestreet.com

http://www.minersmanual.com/minernews.html

http://www.a1-guide-to-gold-investments.com/euro-vs-dollar.html

http://www.goldcolony.com

http://www.miningstocks.com

http://www.mineralstox.com

http://www.freemarketnews.com

http://www.321gold.com

http://www.SilverSeek.com

http://www.investmentrarities.com

http://www.kereport.com
(Korelin Business Report -- audio)

http://www.plata.com.mx/plata/home.htm
(In Spanish)
http://www.plata.com.mx/plata/plata/english.htm
(In English)

http://www.resourceinvestor.com

http://www.miningmx.com

http://www.prudentbear.com

http://www.dollarcollapse.com

http://www.kitcocasey.com

http://000999.forumactif.com/

http://www.golddrivers.com/

http://www.goldpennystocks.com/

http://www.oroyfinanzas.com/

Subscription sites:

http://www.lemetropolecafe.com/

http://www.goldinsider.com/

http://www.hsletter.com

http://www.interventionalanalysis.com

http://www.investmentindicators.com/

Eagle Ranch discussion site:

http://os2eagle.net/checksum.htm

Ted Butler silver commentary archive:

http://www.investmentrarities.com/

----------------------------------------------------

COIN AND PRECIOUS METALS DEALERS
WHO HAVE SUPPORTED GATA
AND BEEN RECOMMENDED
BY OUR MEMBERS

Blanchard & Co. Inc.
909 Poydras St., Suite 1900
New Orleans, Louisiana 70112
888-413-4653
http://www.blanchardonline.com

Centennial Precious Metals
Box 460009
Denver, Colorado 80246-0009
1-800-869-5115
http://www.USAGOLD.com
Michael Kosares, Proprietor
cpm@usagold.com

Colorado Gold
222 South 5th St.
Montrose, Colorado 81401
http://www.ColoradoGold.com
Don Stott, Proprietor
1-888-786-8822
Gold@gwe.net

El Dorado Discount Gold
Box 11296
Glendale, Arizona 85316
http://www.eldoradogold.net
Harvey Gordin, President
Office: 623-434-3322
Mobile: 602-228-8203
harvey@eldoradogold.net

Gold & Silver Investments Ltd.
Mespil House
37 Adelaide Rd
Dublin 2
Ireland
+353 1 2315260/6
Fax: +353 1 2315202
http://www.goldinvestments.org
info@gold.ie

Investment Rarities Inc.
7850 Metro Parkway
Minneapolis, Minnesota 55425
http://www.gloomdoom.com
Greg Westgaard, Sales Manager
1-800-328-1860, Ext. 8889
gwestgaard@investmentrarities.com

Kitco
178 West Service Road
Champlain, N.Y. 12919
Toll Free:1-877-775-4826
Fax: 518-298-3457
and
620 Cathcart, Suite 900
Montreal, Quebec H3B 1M1
Canada
Toll-free:1-800-363-7053
Fax: 514-875-6484
http://www.kitco.com

Lee Certified Coins
P.O. Box 1045
454 Daniel Webster Highway
Merrimack, New Hampshire 03054
http://www.certifiedcoins.com
Ed Lee, Proprietor
1-800-835-6000
leecoins@aol.com

Lone Star Silver Exchange
1702 S. Highway 121
Suite 607-111
Lewisville, Texas 75067
214-632-8869
http://www.discountsilverclub.com

MRCS Canada
12303-118 Ave. NW
Edmonton, Alberta T5L 2K2
Canada
http://www.mrcscanada.com
Michael Riedel, Proprietor
1-877-TRY-MRCS
1-877-879-6727
mrcscanada@shaw.ca

Miles Franklin Ltd.
3015 Ottawa Ave. South
St. Louis Park, Minn. 55416
1-800-822-8080 / 952-929-1129
fax: 952-925-0143
http://www.milesfranklin.com
Contacts: David Schectman,
Andy Schectman, and Bob Sichel

Missouri Coin Co.
11742 Manchester Road
St. Louis, MO 63131-4614
info@mocoin.com
314-965-9797
1-800-280-9797
http://www.mocoin.com

Resource Consultants Inc.
6139 South Rural Road
Suite 103
Tempe, Arizona 85283-2929
Pat Gorman, Proprietor
1-800-494-4149, 480-820-5877
Metalguys@aol.com
http://www.buysilvernow.com

Richard Nachbar Rare Coins
5820 Main St., Suite 601
Williamsville, N.Y. 14221-8232
877-622-4227
http://www.CoinExpert.com
nachbar@coinexpert.com

Swiss America Trading Corp.
15018 North Tatum Blvd.
Phoenix, Arizona 85032
http://www.swissamerica.com
Dr. Fred I. Goldstein, Senior Broker
1-800-BUY-COIN
FiGoldstein@swissamerica.com

The Moneychanger
Box 178
Westpoint, Tennessee 38486
http://www.the-moneychanger.com
Franklin Sanders
1-888-218-9226, 931-766-6066

----------------------------------------------------

HOW TO HELP GATA

If you benefit from GATA's dispatches, please
consider making a financial contribution to
GATA. We welcome contributions as follows.

By check:

Gold Anti-Trust Action Committee Inc.
c/o Chris Powell, Secretary/Treasurer
7 Villa Louisa Road
Manchester, CT 06043-7541
USA

By credit card (MasterCard, Visa, and
Discover) over the Internet:

http://www.gata.org/creditcard.html

By GoldMoney:

http://www.GoldMoney.com
Gold Anti-Trust Action Committee Inc.
Holding number 50-08-58-L

Donors of $200 or more will receive copies
of "The ABCs of Gold Investing" by Michael
Kosares, proprietor of Centennial Precious
Metals in Denver, Colorado, and "The Coming
Collapse of the Dollar" by James Turk and
John Rubino.

GATA is a civil rights and educational
organization under the U.S. Internal Revenue
Code and contributions to it are tax-deductible
in the United States.